In-depth Information on Acute Renal (Kidney) Failure in Cats Acute renal failure (ARF) is a life-threatening disorder that can affect cats of any age. Acute renal failure may be caused by decreased blood flow to the kidneys (called ischemia) or exposure to certain drugs or chemicals that are toxic to the kidneys.
Acute renal failure is a tenuously reversible state, which must be diagnosed quickly and aggressively treated. Failure to initiate therapy may result in irreversible parenchymal damage or death. Acute renal failure is frequently a complication of other surgical or medical diseases and must be recognized within the clinical features of these associated disorders.
Acute Renal Failure Acute renal failure sees your cat’s kidneys cease to function without warning. This can happen to any cat. Breed, age, and sex play no role in the risk.
Acute Renal Failure Symptoms and Tests Acute Renal Failure (ARF) happens suddenly due to trauma, poisonings or illness affecting the kidney area. It can occur in cats of any breed or age. Accidental ingestion of anti-freeze, disease, infection and urethral obstructions are among the most common causes of this life-threatening kidney condition.
Acute renal failure develops suddenly, over a matter of days or weeks. It happens in cats of all ages and is usually the result of: Poisons, which are the most common cause of acute renal failure. Antifreeze, toxic plants like lilies, pesticides, cleaning fluids, and certain human medications are highly poisonous to your cat’s kidneys.
There are several of causes of kidney failure in cats, which vary depending on the type the cat is experiencing. These causes include: Acute. Poisons, such as antifreeze, pesticides or cleaning fluids; Heart failure with low blood pressure that prevents enough blood from flowing to the kidneys; Trauma from an accident.
Kidney disease, or renal disease, is one of the most common diseases that we see affecting cats. Kidney disease is very serious, as the kidneys are essential for the health of your cat. The role of the kidneys is to filter the blood, excrete excess nitrogen and other toxins, regulate water and electrolyte balance, and produce some hormones.
Cats experience many of the above symptoms throughout each progressive stage of kidney failure. As cats get closer to death the symptoms become much more severe. Kidney disease escalates through four stages, and symptoms escalate as well. Watching your beloved pet suffer more and more may become intolerable.
Cats with chronic renal failure may have anemia, abnormal electrolyte levels, and elevated blood pressure. The levels of certain protein enzymes and chemicals such as creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) will also be high.
Loss of appetite, lethargy and convulsions aren't the only symptoms cats in stage IV kidney failure may exhibit, although they are the most common. The appetite loss generally results in weight loss and dehydration. Some cats develop mouth sores, and may experience vomiting and diarrhea.
Cats are discreet and may be secret drinkers, so early signs of excess thirst may be missed and they may become quite ill before treatment is sought. As kidney disease advances, other symptoms include weight loss, signs of dehydration, poor appetite, smelly breath, a sore mouth, vomiting and weakness.
Acute kidney failure is when the problem appears suddenly and it can affect cats of all ages. Meanwhile, chronic kidney failure is when the problem has developed over a longer period of time. Causes tend to be less apparent and middle-aged and older cats are more vulnerable.
Kidney failure in cats may be either acute or chronic. Kidney failure often occurs long before symptoms appear, because a cat can survive without signs of kidney problems, or even with only one functioning or partially functioning kidney.
Chronic kidney failure is very dangerous for cats, but if treated it does tend to offer better survival rates than acute kidney failure. On the other hand, if acute kidney failure is addressed immediately and successfully, a cat may be able to regain full functioning of his kidneys — an option unlikely with chronic kidney failure.
Progressive kidney disease (known as Chronic Renal Failure) is common in cats and the earlier it is detected, the quicker it can be treated. The progress of the disease can be slowed, in many cases leading to the cat to deliver quality of life for several years after diagnosis.
Signs of acute renal failure usually manifest over a week or month’s time, while chronic renal failure is present for a longer period. The risk for cat kidney disease is higher in certain breeds like Persians and Angoras, but the disease is typically acquired.
Acute kidney failure is usually caused by a toxin, infection, or trauma. Chronic kidney failure may be the result of age or other disease processes that affect the kidneys. Diagnosis of Feline Renal Disease. Diagnosis of kidney disease in cats requires a complete physical examination by a veterinarian.
Acute Renal Failure. Acute kidney failure, also known as renal failure, comes on suddenly. It often results from ingesting a toxic substance, such as antifreeze leaking from a car. It also can result from trauma, urinary tract blockage or kidney infections. Kitty strains to pee, going in and out of the litter box.
Chronic kidney failure is a slow-moving disease in which a cat's symptoms worsen with time, while acute kidney failure is a sudden, fast-moving disease. Chronic kidney failure is characterized by permanent, progressive kidney damage, while acute kidney failure involves sudden kidney dysfunction -- and therefore emergency issues with the body's fluid balances.